As users access the web via mobile devices in ever-larger numbers, the mobile distinction may fade, but developers have built a variety of mobile-specific software apps to improve crisis response. Taarifa is a mapping and reporting platform and a dashboard for service providers. It’s an open source project originally based on Ushahidi code, and works without an internet connection.

FrontlineSMS is another open source project that functions without a data connection. This SMS gateway is the premier open source product to collect text messages sent from the public to an SMS shortcode. Also noteworthy is Sukey, a mobile app designed to leverage geocoordinates and crowdsourced reporting to help student protesters in London avoid police kettling in tuition protests.